Simulation trainings allow the training of our handling of complex situations. We simulate defined medical situations such as an intraoperative cardiogenic shock, complications during childbirth, or the management of multiple injuries in the trauma bay. During trainings, we can do things barely possible in the real clinical setting: test different approaches and reflect on their consequences. Similarly to other high-risk industries such as aviation, we can improve in critical situations and invasive procedures without risking harm of patients.
Learning in the simulation center is different to traditional learning at school: it is based on the participant`s previous experience, applied, and sustainable. Participants make specific experiences in the simulated environment which have relevance in their personal clinical setting. Non-active participants can experience the scenario, while active participants can observe the interactions after their scenario employing a video live-feed and recording equipment. These observations are an essential component of the ensuing discussion in which thoughts, actions and pathways are analysed for their success or need for improvement. Results of these debriefings can be directly implemented in the succeeding scenarios – hence, simulation training is highly suited for adapting habitual but ineffective routines. By identifying the reason for refraining from correcting the faulty habit, we can identify the required steps to make the improvement, rather than continuously being made aware of the mistake. For example, inefficient cardiac massage in resuscitation can be improved by introducing a regular and coordinated exchange of compressors.
Simulation cannot reproduce reality in its entirety, and participant`s behaviour differs between simulated scenarios and real life cases. Hence simulation trainings are not examinations, and an introduction to the methods and unfamiliar equipment is an essential opening component of all trainings. We are convinced that although the technical surroundings contribute to the success of trainings, it is particularly the type of training, the quality of debriefing, and the institutional support from clinical directors that allow for training success.
Basic skill trainings are better suited for the practice of single, technical components such as cardiac massage. As team work plays an outstanding role in medicine, simulation training is especially suited for training complex treatments in teams, such as reanimation during the treatment of multiple injuries, especially when employing concepts such as crisis resource management (CRM). References