Debriefings are structured conversations following the simulation scenario. As core element of simulation-based training they are in the focus of our research.

We are ivestigating:

1. How can debriefings be designed to allow for respectful and meaningful discussion of important issues?
We have developed and validated TeamGAINS. TeamGAINS combines debriefing approaches from aviation, healthcare and systemic counselling. Also based on systemic counselling we have adapted circular questions for use in debriefings.

2. How can debriefings be studied at all?
We have developed DE-CODE for measuring communication in debriefings.

3. How to transfer debriefings from simulation into clinical routine?
After-action debriefings can help teams to briefly but effectively reflect upon, and identify and implement means for improvement after complex operations, incidents and emergency activities. To support these, we have developed a debriefing app for everyday clinical use. This app is currently being tested and will be available in due time.

4. How to learn debriefing skills?
In cooperation with the Center for Medical Simulation we have demonstrated that regular reflection is an effective strategy for improving debriefing skills.

Debriefing Projects

​Debriefings as Enabler for Learning in Ad-hoc Action Teams in Healthcare​Principle Investigator: PD Dr. Michaela Kolbe, Co-Investigator: Dr. Bastian Grande; Employee: Dr. Julia Seelandt.completed
​Combined technical and non-technical skills training for managing unanticipated difficult intubations​Principle Investigator: Prof Dr. Gudela Grote (ETH Zürich), Co-Investigator: Prof. Dr. Donat R. Spahn; Employees: Dr. Bastian Grande, Dr. Michaela Kolbe, Mona Weiss, Carl Schick.​completed

Image source:

We use cookies to make our website user-friendly, to continuously improve it and to analyze the traffic of our website. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Further information can be found in our privacy policy.