Our recommendation of internal and external publications on simulation-training and team-work.

Internal Publications


Schmutz, J.B., Kolbe, M., & Eppich, W.J. (2018). Twelve tips for integrating team reflexivity into your simulation-based team training. Medical Teacher. Advance online publication. doi: org/10.1080/0142159X.2018.1464135 more

Kolbe, M., & Rudolph, J. W. (2018). What’s the headline on your mind right now?
How reflection guides simulation-based faculty development in a master class. BMJ
Simulation and Technology Enhanced Learning. doi:10.1136/bmjstel-2017-000247 more

Burtscher, M. J., Jordi Ritz, E.-M., & Kolbe, M. (2018). Differences in talking-to-theroom
behaviour between novice and expert teams during simulated paediatric
resuscitation: a quasi-experimental study. BMJ Simulation and Technology
Enhanced Learning. doi:10.1136/bmjstel-2017-000268 more


Grande, B., Kolbe, M., & Biro, P. (2017). Difficult airway management and training:
simulation, communication, and feedback. Current Opinion in Anesthesiology, 30(6),
743-747. doi:10.1097/aco.0000000000000523 more

Weiss, M., Kolbe, M., Grote, G., Spahn, D. R., & Grande, B. (2017). We can do it!
Inclusive leader language promotes voice behavior in multi-professional teams. The
Leadership Quarterly. more

Seelandt, J. C., Grande, B., Kriech, S., & Kolbe, M. (2017). DE-CODE: a coding
scheme for assessing debriefing interactions. BMJ Simulation and Technology
Enhanced Learning. doi:10.1136/bmjstel-2017-000233 more

Nestel, D., Krogh, K., & Kolbe, M. (2017). Exploring realism in healthcare simulations. In D. Nestel, M. Kelly,  B. Jolly, & M. Watson (Eds.), Healthcare simulation education: Evidence, theory & practice (pp. 23-28). Chichester: Wiley. more

Seelandt, J., Grande, B. & Kolbe, M. (2017). Implizite Führungstheorien in Akutsituationen im Gesundheitswesen. «Kobra, übernehmen Sie!». Gr Interakt Org. Advanced Online Publication. doi:10.1007/s11612-017-0356-8 more

Weiss, M., Kolbe, M., Grote, G., Spahn, D. R., & Grande, B. (2017). Why didn’t you say something? Using after-event reviews to affect voice behavior and hierarchy beliefs in multi-professional action teams. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26 (1), 66-78. doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2016.1208652 more


Kolbe, M., Boos, M., Stein, A., & Strack, M. (2016). SYNSEG – A method for syntaxbased
segmentation of coding units for the analysis of group processes. Gruppe.
Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie
(GIO), 47(4), 335-344. doi:10.1007/s11612-016-0345-3

Kolbe, M., & Grande, B. (2016). „Speaking Up“ statt tödlichem Schweigen im
Krankenhaus: Die entscheidende Rolle der Gruppenprozesse und
Organisationskultur. Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte
Organisationspsychologie (GIO), 47(4), 299-311. doi:10.1007/s11612-016-0343-

Kolbe, M., Marty, A., Seelandt, J., & Grande, B. (2016). How to debrief teamwork interactions: using circular questions to explore and change team interaction patterns. Advances in Simulation, 1(1), 29. doi: 10.1186/s41077-016-0029-7 more

Weiss, M., Kolbe, M., Grote, G., Spahn, D. R., & Grande, B. (2016). Why didn’t you say something? Using after-event reviews to affect voice behavior and hierarchy beliefs in multi-professional action teams. Eur J Work Organ Psychol, online first. doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2016.1208652 more

Schulze, M., Grande, B., Kolbe, M., Kriech, S., Nöthiger, C. B., Kohler, M., Spahn, D. R., & Franzen, D. (2016). SafAIRway: an airway training for pulmonologists performing a flexible bronchoscopy with nonanesthesiologist administered propofol sedation: A prospective evaluation. Medicine, 95(23), e3849. doi: 10.1097/md.0000000000003849 more

Kolbe, M., & Grande, B. (2016). ‚Sag ich’s oder sag ich’s lieber nicht’ – unser alltägliches Speaking-Up-Dilemma. In D. Schwappach & K. Gehring (Eds.), «Speak Up»: Wenn Schweigen gefährlich ist (pp. 13-19). Zürich: Stiftung für Patientensicherheit.

Schmutz, J., Welp, A. & Kolbe, M. (2016). Teamwork in healthcare organizations. In A. Örtenblad, C. Abrahamson & R. Sheaff (Eds.). Management innovations for health care organizations. Adopt, Abandon or Adapt? (pp. 359-377). New York: Routledge
Wacker, J. & Kolbe, M. (2016). The challenge of learning from perioperative harm. Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care, 7-8, 5-10. published online ahead of print. doi more

Kandler, L., Tscholl, D.W., Kolbe, M., Seifert, Spahn, D.R., & Noethiger, C.B. (2016). A new way of granting access to excellent medical training: The use of an educational video enhances patient safety. Br J Anaesth, 116, 662-669. more

Raemer, D.B., Kolbe, M., Minehart, R.D., Rudolph, J.W., & Pian-Smith, M.C.M. (2016). Improving faculty's ability to speak-up to others in the operating room: A simulation-based randomized controlled trial of an educational intervention and a qualitative analysis of hurdles and enablers. Acad Med, 91, 530-539. more


Schick, C. J., Weiss, M., Kolbe, M., Marty, A., Dambach, M., Knauth, A., Spahn, D.R., Grote, G., & Grande, B. (forthcoming). Simulation with PARTS (Phase Augmented Research and Training Scenarios): a structure facilitating research and assessment in simulation. Simulation in Healthcare.

Kolbe, M., Grande, B., & Spahn, D.R. (2015). Briefing and debriefing during simulation-based training and beyond. Content, structure, attitude, and setting. Best Practice & Research: Clinical Anaesthesiology. 29(1). more

Grande, B., Weiss, M., Biro, P., Grote, G., Steiger, P., Spahn, D.R., & Kolbe, M. (2015). Ist Reden wichtig? Technisches versus kombiniert technisches / nicht-technisches Atemwegstraining in der Anästhesie und Intensivmedizin. ["Do we have to talk?" Comparing technical versus combined technical/behavioral training for difficult airway management]. Anästhesiologie & Intensivmedizin, 56, 5-12. more


Kolbe, M., Grote, G., Waller, M., Wacker, J., Grande, B., Burtscher, M.J., & Spahn, D.R. (2014). Monitoring and talking to the room: Autochthonous coordination patterns in team interaction and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(6,) 1254-1267. more

Kolbe, M. (2014). Reducing healthcare costs by investing in safety: Safety management examples from the U.S. Swiss Re Center for Global Dialogue. more

Weiss, M., Kolbe, M., Grote, G., Dambach, M., Marty, M., Spahn, D. R., & Grande, B. (2014). Agency and communion predict speaking up in acute care teams. Small Group Research, 45, 290-313. doi: 10.1177/1046496414531495. more

Wacker, J. & Kolbe, M. (2014). Leadership and teamwork in anesthesia - Making use of human factors to improve clinical performance. Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care, 4(6), 200-205. doi: 10.1016/j.tacc.2014.09.002. more


Kolbe, M., Weiss, M., Grote, G., Knauth, A., Dambach, M., Spahn, D. R., & Grande, B. (2013). TeamGAINS: A tool for structured debriefings for simulation-based team trainings. BMJ Quality & Safety, 22, 541-553. more

Kolbe, M., Burtscher, M. J., & Manser, T. (2013). Co-ACT—A framework for observing coordination behavior in acute care teams. BMJ Quality & Safety, 22, 596–605. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2012-001319. more

Kolbe, M. & Grande, B. (2013). Speaking up should be both continually encouraged and formally trained as an interactive process. In: G. Grote & J. Carroll (Eds.). Safety management in context—Cross-industry learning from theory and practice. White book (p. 39-40). Rueschlikon, Zurich: Swiss Re Center for Global Dialogue. more

Kolbe, M. (2013). Five simple processes that improve high-risk team effectiveness. In E. Salas, S. Tannenbaum, D. Cohen, & G. Latham (Eds.), Developing and enhancing teamwork in organisations: Evidence-based best practices and guidelines (pp. 609-643). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. more

Kolbe, M., & Grande, B. (2013). Team coordination during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Journal of Critical Care. 28, 522–523.more


Kolbe, M., Burtscher, M. J., Wacker, J., Grande, B., Nohynkova, R., Manser, T., Spahn, D.R., & Grote, G. (2012). Speaking-up is related to better team performance in simulated anesthesia inductions: An observational study. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 115, 1099-1108. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e318269cd32. more

Kolbe, M., & Rudolph, J.W. (2012). Snapshots of the road to reflective practice: What advanced simulation instructors think during a master class. Simulation in Healthcare, 7, 519. more

Grande, B., Weiss, M., Dambach, M., Marty, A., Schick, C., Spahn, D.R., Grote, G., & Kolbe, M. (2012). Training anesthesia team members to speak up: A simulation-based study. Simulation in Healthcare, 7, 544. more


Burtscher, M.J., Kolbe, M., Wacker, J., & Manser, T. (2011). Interactions of team mental models and monitoring behaviors predict team performance in simulated anesthesia inductions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 17(3), 257-269, doi: 10.1037/a0025148. more

Burtscher, M.J., Manser, T., Kolbe, M., Grote, G., Grande, B., Spahn, D.R., & Wacker, J. (2011). Adaptation in anaesthesia team coordination in response to a simulated critical event and its relationship to clinical performance. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 106 (6), 801-806, doi: 10.1093/bja/aer039. more

Kolbe, M., Burtscher, M. J., Manser, T., Künzle, B. & Grote, G. (2011). The role of coordination for preventing harm in healthcare groups: Research examples from anaesthesia and an integrated model of coordination for action teams in healthcare. In M. Boos, M., Kolbe, P. Kappeler, & T. Ellwart (Eds.), Coordination in human and primate groups (pp. 75-92). Heidelberg: Springer. more

Kolbe, M. & Grote, G. (2011). Human factors training in aviation and healthcare: What we know works best and how to put it into practice. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting (pp. 2105-2108). Santa Monica, CA, USA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. more


Künzle, B., Zala-Mezö, E., Kolbe, M., Wacker, J., & Grote, G. (2010). Substitutes for leadership in anaesthesia teams and their impact on leadership effectiveness. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 19, 505-531. more

Künzle, B., Zala-Mezö, E., Wacker, J., Kolbe, M., & Grote, G. (2010). Leadership in anaesthesia teams: The most effective leadership is shared. Quality and Safety in Health Care, 19, 1-6. more

Künzle, B., Kolbe, M., & Grote, G. (2010). Ensuring patient safety through effective leadership behaviour: A literature review. Safety Science, 48(1), 1-17. more


Kolbe, M., Künzle, B., Zala-Mezö, E., Wacker, J., & Grote, G. (2009). Measuring coordination behaviour in anaesthesia teams during induction of general anaesthetics (pp. 203-221). In R. Flin & L. Mitchell (Eds.), Safer surgery. Analysing behaviour in the operating theatre. Aldershot: Ashgate. more

Master and Dissertation Theses

Master Theses

Elisabeth Graf Pannatier, ETH Zürich, D-MTEC: Development Options for the Simulation Center at the University Hospital Zurich

Sarah Kriech, UZH, Institut für Psychologie: Die Rolle von Humor und Psychologischer Sicherheit in Debriefings (in German only)

Lynn Haesler, UZH, Institut für Psychologie: Eigengruppenfavorisierung in medizinischen Debriefings? (in German only)

Fanny Honegger, UZH, Institut für Psychologie: Debriefings nach komplexen Situationen im klinischen Alltag (in German only)

Dissertation Theses

Michael Hanusch, USZ, Institut für Anästhesiologie: Transfer von Tools aus der Aviatik in die Medizin am Beispiel des pp/aa (in German only)