To successfully train with simulation, scenarios should be relevant, realistic and manageable. Often, they are based on highly complex real critical incidents. In order to isolate learning aims we developed a method to develop scenarios from highly complex critical incidents: PARTS (Phase Augmented Research And Training Scenarios). In addition to isolating learning aims, PARTS facilitate a systematic scenario design and ad-hoc measurement of performance by phase separation, and is well suited for immediate feedback in Debriefings.
Schick, C. J., Weiss, M., Kolbe, M., Marty, A., Dambach, M., Knauth, A., Spahn, D.R., Grote, G., & Grande, B. (2015). Simulation with PARTS (Phase Augmented Research and Training Scenarios): a structure facilitating research and assessment in simulation. Simulation in Healthcare, 10, 178-187. doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000085