To successfully train with simulation, scenarios should be relevant, realistic, and manageable. Often, they are based on highly complex real critical incidents. In order to identify and define learning objectives we have designed a method to develop scenarios from highly complex critical incidents: PARTS (Phase Augmented Research And Training Scenarios)
The more familiar the simulation educator is with the scenario, the more confident and goal-directed s/he can conduct the debriefing.
In addition to isolating learning objectives, PARTS facilitates a systematic scenario design and ad-hoc measurement of performance by phase separation, and is well suited for immediate feedback in debriefings.
In a nutshell, for designing scenarios we recommend five steps:
1. Look at your participant
2. Listen to your hospital
3. Hit hard
4. Get tot he point
5. Focus, focus, focus
Schick, C. J., Weiss, M., Kolbe, M., Marty, A., Dambach, M., Knauth, A., Spahn, D.R., Grote, G., & Grande, B. (2015). Simulation with PARTS (Phase Augmented Research and Training Scenarios): a structure facilitating research and assessment in simulation. Simulation in Healthcare, 10, 178-187. doi: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000085